Have you ever wondered whether or not there’s a word for the gap or space between your two front teeth? There is! A space between two teeth is called a diastema, and when the gap occurs between the two front teeth—one of the most common places—it’s called a midline diastema. The good news: we have a couple of different ways to treat it!
It’s logical—braces are meant to move and straighten teeth, and moving the two front teeth together can close a diastema. Braces can be a good choice when you have a large gap, or when you have other orthodontic problems that would also require braces to fix.
Something to keep in mind -you will probably have to wear full sets of braces on your top and bottom teeth. That’s because if you move some of your teeth, it affects your whole mouth, so you’ll need braces to ensure that all your teeth end up in the right place.
If your dentist recommends braces for your diastema, that might not be the only treatment that you need. For example, sometimes the gap occurs because the teeth on either side of your two front teeth—the lateral incisors—are undersized. So you may need crowns placed over these teeth to enlarge their size as well as the braces.
Veneers or Dental Bonding
If you have a minor diastema and no other dental problems, you may choose to have it treated with a cosmetic procedure, like veneers or dental bonding. Veneers are tooth-colored coverings installed over your teeth. They can be made slightly wider on each side in order to close the gap. Dental bonding involves adding a tooth-colored putty-like bonding material to your teeth to close the gap.
Veneers are the more expensive option, but they also last longer than dental bonding. Applying veneers involves removing a top layer of enamel from your natural teeth. Because of this, veneers are considered a permanent procedure—if the veneers fall off or become damaged, you’ll have to have them replaced. Bonding, on the other hand, is not as permanent.
If you have a midline diastema, talk to your dentist about your options for treatment, as well as whether or not any treatment is actually needed.